Indonesian processed coffee exports show increasing performance. Besides being supported by the status of the fourth largest coffee bean producer in the world, Indonesia has hundreds of medium and large scale coffee processing companies.
Based on data from the Ministry of Industry, coffee exports in 2016 reached 145,000 tons or US $ 428 million, then in 2017 it increased to 178,000 tons or US $ 487 million. In 2018, there was a surge in exports of 21.49% to 216,000 tons with an increase of 19.01% to US $ 580 million.
Minister of Industry Airlangga Hartarto said that the export of processed coffee was dominated by instant processed coffee amounting to 87.9% and the rest based on extracts and essence.
“The main export destinations of the national coffee processing industry include the Philippines, Malaysia, Iran, China and the United Arab Emirates,” he said in a press statement quoted by bisnis.com, Tuesday (02/19/2019).
Airlangga also said, Indonesia is the fourth largest coffee producer in the world after Brazil, Vietnam and Colombia. This has become a potential development of the domestic coffee processing industry.
“Our coffee production is 639,000 tons in 2017 or 8% of world coffee production with a composition of 72.84 percent, which is robusta coffee and 27.16% arabica coffee,” he said.
In 2017, there were 101 processed coffee companies covering large and medium scale with a total employment of 24,000 people and a total production capacity of more than 260,000 tons per year.
In addition, Indonesia also has various types of specialty coffee that are known in the world, including Kopi Luwak with distinctive flavors and aromas according to the geographical indications that are the hallmarks of Indonesia.
To date, 24 geographical indications for Indonesian coffee have been registered, including Gayo Arabica Coffee, Toraja Arabica Coffee, Bali Pupuan Robusta Coffee, Koerintji Sumatra Arabica Coffee, Liberika Tungkal Coffee Jambi, and Liberika Rangsang Meranti Coffee.
In order to improve the performance of the national coffee processing industry amidst the era of globalization of trade and free markets, strategic efforts are needed to boost competitiveness and productivity.
These steps, among others, are through the use of technologies that improve efficiency and innovation, improve product quality by implementing quality management and food safety systems, as well as increasing human resources such as baristas, roasters and cupper.